نوع مقاله: علمی و پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه حقوق دانشکده علوم اجتماعی‌واقتصادی‌دانشگاه الزهرا

چکیده

فرایند منطقه‎ای شدن واکنشی به عدم توانایی الگوی دولت- ملت در دستیابی به نتایج مطلوب بوده که به تحدید حاکمیت می‌پردازد. فصل هشتم منشور ملل متحد بر نقش مؤثر ترتیبات منطقه­ای در حفظ صلح و امنیت منطقه­ای و حل اختلافات محلی از طریق این ترتیبات تأکید کرده است. در همین راستا خاورمیانه از میانه‌ی قرن بیستم، مرکز توجه جهانی به شمار می‌رفته است. منشور سازمان همکاری اسلامی با تأکید بر باورهای اسلامی بر ضرورت ارتقاء و تحکیم اتحاد و همبستگی دولت‌های عضو در تأمین منافع مشترک خود در عرصه‌ی بین‎المللی تأکید کرده است.در این مقاله، ضمن پرداختن به جایگاه حقوقی سازمان همکاری اسلامی در قالب فصل هشتم منشور ملل متحد، نقش این سازمان به عنوان یکی از ظرفیت های موجود، در تأمین صلح و امنیت منطقه مطمح‌نظر است. در این راستا قابلیت‌های قانونی و محدودیت­های عملی سازمان همکاری اسلامی در این خصوص نیز بررسی می­گردد، تا در نهایت مشخص شود که اصولاً ترتیبات منطقه­ای با لحاظ پاره­ای ملاحظات می­توانند گزینه‌ی مناسبی برای حفظ صلح و امنیت یک منطقه به شمار روند.
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Regionalism in Maintenance of Regional Peace and Security with an Emphasis on the Role of Organization of Islamic Cooperation in Middle East

نویسنده [English]

  • Seyyedeh Latifeh Hosseini

چکیده [English]

Abstract
Regionalism process is often seen as reaction to the failure of state – nation model to attain desirable outcomes through separate actions and it is also called as being factors to limit sovereignty of states. Chapter VIII of the charter of UN emphasis on effective role of regional arrangements in maintenance of regional peace and security and on pacific settlement of regional disputes through regional actions. Throughout its history, the Middle East has been a major   center of world affairs, Hence the Organization of Islamic Cooperation is determined to enhance and consolidate the bond of fraternity and solidarity among the member states This article shall examine legal statues of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and its role in maintenance of regional peace and security as one opportunity among others in Middle East.  In doing so, legal and practical capabilities are taken in to account. It concludes in principle that regionalism shall be considered as suitable means to strengthen and maintain regional peace and security.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • regional arrangements
  • peace and security
  • Organization of Islamic Cooperation
  • Middle East

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