نوع مقاله : علمی و پژوهشی
عضو هیئت علمی پژوهشگاه حوزه و دانشگاه
عنوان مقاله [English]
The right to life is the first natural human right that is respected in all legal systems and is essentially the presupposition of all rights that are recognized for human beings, and it is necessary to accept restrictions on the factors that deprive this right.
This article with the aim of examining the extent to which human rights instruments adhere to this fundamental right, with an analytical-critical approach, the position of international human rights instruments on "death penalty and abortion" has been examined and it raises the question of whether these documents have taken a single position on the negative instances of the right to life.
The findings of the article show that despite the strongly contractionary approach of the above-mentioned documents on the death penalty, these documents have legally and generously paved the way for "abortion" and this paradoxical position on the right to life. Influenced by liberal and feminist views, it is in clear opposition not only to religious values but also to moral values and legal norms.
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