نوع مقاله : علمی و پژوهشی
1 دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 گروه حقوق عمومی دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
In an era when governments are not considered the only actors in the field of public administration, regulation is considered as one of the most important functions of new governance.For this reason, many countries have turned to the establishment of regulatory institutions, especially economic regulation. This research, which is based on a descriptive analytical method, shows that the negative and unsuccessful experiences in this field in some countries, including Iran, indicate that the concept of economic regulation is closely related to the political structure of governments, the prevailing economic approach and the way It has their general management, So that regulatory goals cannot be achieved in any political system with any management method and simply by creating institutions and enforcing regulations. The prerequisite for any economic regulation is the existence of at least three components of the minimalism of governments in economic affairs, the existence of a free market and regulatory governance. It seems that the main causes of regulatory inefficiency in Iran are rent-seeking economy, government intervention and domination over the economy and the implementation of governance instead of governance along with other structural and normative flaws of regulatory institutions.
Therefore, until fundamental changes are formed in the economic foundations and the type of management of public administration, mere structural reform and determination and replacement of powers of regulatory bodies and the adoption of various laws and regulations are not only ineffective but also lead to a strong bureaucracy that Encourages more government intervention
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