نوع مقاله : علمی و پژوهشی
استادیار گروه حقوق بینالملل دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه قم.
عنوان مقاله [English]
ious places has its place under the rubric of the cultural and historical properties in the international humanitarian law. This protection includes a ban on any kinds of attack or destruction against these places, the prohibition of utilizing these places for military purposes, any instances of retaliation against these places, and a system of supportive international law in this field. In a similar vein, the holy Quran has mentioned a prohibition of invasions against monotheistic places of worship. Additionally, the biographies of the Holy Prophet Mohammad and Muslims have best illustrated these kinds of behavior. The military necessity of attacks against these places as the exception to their protection, and the application of immunity on the basis of agreements are the common points of the two legal systems. However, in the Islamic approach, the protection is applicable only to the places of worship of monotheistic religions, not to all such places. Moreover, giving ideological and spiritual characteristics are other points of departure in the Islamic
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